Specialist Care | Women Clinic
Understanding infertility

When you are starting a family it helps to understand the process of conception. Every month a woman releases an egg, this is called ovulation. Fertilisation of this egg happens when it is in the Fallopian tube. The fertilized egg (embryo) is then transported to the uterus via the Fallopian tubes through contractions and a wafting movement of the hairs lining the tubes. Sometimes certain things can disrupt this process delaying fertility and successful conception. These things could be abnormalities with the sperm, in ovulation, in the Fallopian tubes or the uterus. If you are having trouble conceiving, all of these things will need to be tested to be able to find the best solution. While all women possess the same capacity to nurture and love, some may have more trouble conceiving naturally than others. The female reproductive system can be complex and fertility issues can sometimes be difficult to understand but once you have the right information, you can start to make the right choices for your family.

Infertility in women While all women possess the same capacity to nurture and love, some may have more trouble conceiving naturally than others. The female reproductive system can be complex and fertility issues can sometimes be difficult to understand but once you have the right information, you can start to make the right choices for your family. Some of the causes of the infertility in women today are as below ;-
The Ovaries
When there are problems with the ovaries the process of ovulation is disrupted, which can cause infertility or difficulty conceiving. An infection could cause damage to the ovaries. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common female reproductive system disorders which affects hormone levels, periods, ovulation and fertility. For some women, the onset of menopause could mean less availability of eggs for successful reproduction. Sometimes an imbalance of hormones such as Prolactin or Follicle stimulating hormone can influence how well the ovaries are functioning.

 

The Fallopian Tube
The Fallopian Tube is the pathway both the egg and the sperm take to the uterus. When healthy sperm meets a healthy egg along this tube, the egg is fertilised and moves on to the uterus. But sometimes there can be damage to these tubes or a blockage. The damage often occurs without us even knowing it. Things that can cause damage to the Fallopian tubes could be pelvic infection, previous pelvic surgery, endometriosis (when tissue usually found in the uterus is found outside the uterus which can develop into cysts), a previous ectopic pregnancy (when the egg implants somewhere outside the uterus).

 

The Uterus
There are many reasons why the uterus may not be functioning as effectively as it should when it comes to reproduction. Fibroids, endometrial polyps, foreign bodies such as an intrauterine device, scar tissue, malformations of the uterus that exist since birth and infections such as chronic endometriosis are all common causes of problems in the uterus.

 

Some Other Possible Causes;-

<> Diabetes, epilepsy, thyroid problems and bowel diseases.

<> Medical conditions such as endometriosis and pelvic tuberculosis.

<> Being overweight, underweight or smoking

<> Regular contact with chemicals or radiation.

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